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Cryptocurrency and Taxation: What You Need to Know

junio 3, 2023
Cryptocurrency and Taxation: What You Need to Know

With the surge of cryptocurrencies in recent years, taxation agencies worldwide are catching up with legislation to tax profits made from cryptocurrency trading and investments. This can seem complex, as cryptocurrencies are a new field with unique challenges. Here we will try to make things clearer and guide you through what you need to know about cryptocurrency and taxation.

Understanding Cryptocurrency

Cryptocurrencies are digital or virtual currencies that use cryptography for security. The most popular of these is Bitcoin, but thousands of others, like Ethereum and Litecoin, are also widely used. Cryptocurrencies operate on decentralized platforms known as blockchain technology.

Taxation of Cryptocurrency

In many jurisdictions, cryptocurrency is considered property for taxation purposes. This means that the same tax obligations apply as for physical property. This could include income tax, capital gains tax, GST/VAT, and more, depending on your country.

How is Cryptocurrency Taxed?

When you sell or trade cryptocurrency, you may generate a capital gain or loss. This is calculated by the difference between your cryptocurrency’s cost basis and the amount you receive when you sell, trade, or dispose of it. If you receive more than you paid, you have a capital gain. If you receive less, you have a capital loss.

Crypto Mining and Taxes

Those who mine cryptocurrency perform complex calculations that validate each transaction. They’re rewarded with cryptocurrency. This can be seen as self-employment income, meaning that it could be subject to income tax.

Tax Reporting

When it comes to tax reporting, it’s your responsibility to keep records of cryptocurrency transactions. This includes dates of the transactions, the value in the local currency at the time of the transaction, the purpose of the transaction, and the address of the recipient.

Tax Planning and Cryptocurrency

Tax planning with cryptocurrency is essential. Depending on your country, there may be tax-free thresholds for capital gains, or specific rules around how cryptocurrency is taxed. Consider seeking professional advice to understand your tax obligations.


Understanding the tax obligations associated with cryptocurrencies can be a complex process. However, with careful planning and a thorough understanding of your local tax laws, it’s possible to navigate the crypto landscape effectively. Remember, when in doubt, it’s always a good idea to seek professional advice.

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